Belongs to: ferns

Male fern Dryopteris filix-mas


Best time to see: all year

Key facts

One of the commonest large ferns, widespread in woods and alongside hedges

Pale green, bi-pinnate leaves up to 130cm long, rising from a single crown and tapering at both ends; semi-evergreen

Spores ripen August–November

  • Main photo

Photo © Tony Gunton