Belongs to: thrushes and chats

Robin Erithacus rubecula

Also known as: robin redbreast

Best time to see: all year

Key facts

Confident garden bird, the gardener's companion

Originally a woodland bird, now found anywhere associated with man with a dense shrub layer

Widespread resident, aggressively territorial in the breeding season


Red face and breast (juvenile has scaly brown breast); 13–15 cm

Upright confident bird; perches openly and hops about on the ground, looking for insects to eat; undulating flight

Sings its leisurely, slightly plaintive warbling song at almost any time of the year 


Males establish territories in late summer, and females go hunting for mates in mid-winter

Nest is a cup low down on ground, bank or tree stump; also use nestboxes and garden sheds

2 or 3 broods of 5–6 white eggs with reddish specks, April to June

© Ken King